Goddess of Hohle Fels
40,000–35,000 BCE
Mammoth Ivory – 2.4″ high
Found in 2008 in Hohle Fels
Cave, Schelklingen, Germany

hohleHohle Fels is the oldest known sculpture of a human figure. Given her enormous breasts and exaggerated genitalia, her discoverer considered her the “essence of being female.” Anthropologists have suggested Hohle Fels symbolizes “hope for survival within well-nourished and reproductively successful communities.” The loop in place of a head indicates this tiny figure was worn as an amulet, presumably so her symbolic power could be visible to others.

Universität Tübingen,
Tübingen, Germany


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